Janik von Rotz

4 min read

Grafana OAuth with Keycloak and how to validate a JWT token

In this tutorial I am going to show how you can connect a Garafana container that is hidden behind proxy with Keycloak. We want to log into Grafana with a Keycloak user and experience a seamless SSO-flow. Therefore we are going to configure an OAuth client for Grafana.

For this tutorial I assume that our two services are reachable from a public domain.

Keycloak: login.example.com
Grafana: monitor.example.com

Replace these domains with your case.

Setup Keycloak

First we are going to create a new Keycloak client. I assume Keycloak is already running and a realm has been configured.

Login into Keycloak and select Configure > Clients > Create.
Create a new client with these configurations:

Client ID: monitor.example.com
Client Protocol: openid-connect
Root URL: https://monitor.example.com

Further make these configurations:

Access Type: confidentials // The OAuth client must use a client id and secret.
Root URL: ${authBaseUrl}
Valid Redirect URIs: https://monitor.example.com/login/generic_oauth
Base URL: /login/generic_oauth
Clear Admin URL and Web Origins.

Click save and open the Credentials tab. Copy the Secret into a separate note, we will need it in the second and third part of this tutorial.

Open the tab Roles and click Add Role. Create a new role with name admin. This role defines the access level for Grafana.

Assign the client role to your Keycloak user.

Header over to Scope tab and set Full Scope Allowed to OFF. We do not want to share any other details about the realm in the client token.

Finally, we are going to configure a client mapper for the roles property. We must ensure that Grafana can extract the access role from the JWT token. Open the Mappers tab and click on Create. Create an entry with these options:

Name: Roles
Mapper Type: User Client Role
Client ID: monitor.example.com
Token Claim Name: roles
Claim JSON type: string

In the next step we are going to verify that Grafana can retrieve a valid access token.

Verify JWT token

Open your shell, enter the command below and populate the <>-fields. Copy the client secret from the note.

KEYCLOAK_USERNAME=<Keycloak username>
KEYCLOAK_PASSWORD=<Keycloak password>
KEYCLOAK_REALM=<Keycloak realm name>
KEYCLOAK_CLIENT_SECRET=<Keycloak client secret>
curl -s \
-d "client_id=monitor.example.com" \
-d "client_secret=$KEYCLOAK_CLIENT_SECRET" \
-d "username=$KEYCLOAK_USERNAME" \
-d "password=$KEYCLOAK_PASSWORD" \
-d "grant_type=password" \
"https://login.example.com/auth/realms/$KEYCLOAK_REALM/protocol/openid-connect/token" | jq -r '.access_token'

Then copy the encoded output, open https://jwt.io#debugger-io and paste it into the left box. On the rights side you should find the decoded JSON output with this property:

"roles": [

This means the client role has been added to the JWT token and mapped correctly .

Grafana’s generic OAuth can be configured to look for this property using a JMESPath. Open this site, paste the decoded output of the JWT token and enter this filter:

contains(roles[*], 'admin') && 'Admin' || contains(roles[*], 'editor') && 'Editor' || 'Viewer'

The results box should say Admin.


We assume that the Grafana container is running and needs to be configured for OAuth access.

My first choice of configuring any container is using environment variables. Luckily all Grafana settings can be set using environment variables.

Make the following configurations for the Grafana container:

GF_SERVER_DOMAIN: "monitor.example.com"
GF_SERVER_ROOT_URL: "https://monitor.exmpale.com"
GF_AUTH_GENERIC_OAUTH_CLIENT_ID: "monitor.example.com"
GF_AUTH_GENERIC_OAUTH_AUTH_URL: "https://login.example.com/auth/realms/example.com/protocol/openid-connect/auth"
GF_AUTH_GENERIC_OAUTH_TOKEN_URL: "https://login.example.com/auth/realms/example.com/protocol/openid-connect/token"
GF_AUTH_GENERIC_OAUTH_API_URL: "https://login.example.com/auth/realms/example.com/protocol/openid-connect/userinfo"
GF_AUTH_GENERIC_OAUTH_ROLE_ATTRIBUTE_PATH: "contains(roles[*], 'admin') && 'Admin' || contains(roles[*], 'editor') && 'Editor' || 'Viewer'"


Once everything is deployed logout of Grafana and click on the Login Keycloak button below the login form. You will be forwarded to Keycloak. Keycloak will check the redirect url and client key of the request. If everything looks good to go, you should see the Keycloak login form. Login using the Keycloak user and password and you should be redirected back to Grafana on a successful login. Grafana will create a user if it does not already exist.

Further readings

You want to access restricitions for the Grafana client? See my post role based access control for multiple Keycloak clients for details.

The Grafana and Prometheus documentation is one of the best documentation I have seen so far. Make sure to check it out.


Here are the articles that helped me creating this tutorial:

Categories: Identity and Access Management
Tags: keycloak , grafana , oauth , authentication
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